Every year Mahahiki begins when the Makali`i
(Pleades) constellation first rises in the night sky to the east while the sun sets in the west over the Hawaiian Islands. Makahiki marks the beginning of the new year and a change of seasonal weather patterns. It is a time of feasting, resting, competition and games, and ceremonies. War and unnecessary work are kapu (taboo). The season gives thanks to Lono
, the god of peace, fertility, agriculture, rainfall and music.
Searching the web will give you many resources to learn more about this time in Hawaiian culture. A few good sources are:
Hau`oli makahiki hou!